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This function takes a list of SNPs and searches for them in a specified super-population in the 1000 Genomes phase 3 reference panel. It then creates an LD matrix of r values (signed, and not squared). All LD values are with respect to the major alleles in the 1000G dataset. You can specify whether the allele names are displayed.


ld_matrix(snps, with_alleles = TRUE, pop = "EUR")



List of SNPs.


Whether to append the allele names to the SNP names. The default is TRUE.


Super-population to use as reference panel. Default = "EUR". Options are "EUR", "SAS", "EAS", "AFR", "AMR". 'legacy' also available - which is a previously used version of the EUR panel with a slightly different set of markers.


Matrix of LD r values


The data used for generating the LD matrix includes only bi-allelic SNPs with MAF > 0.01, so it's quite possible that a variant you want to include will be absent. If it is absent, it will be automatically excluded from the results.

You can check if your variants are present in the LD reference panel using ieugwasr::ld_reflookup().

This function does put load on the OpenGWAS servers, which makes life more difficult for other users, and has been limited to analyse only up to 500 variants at a time. We have implemented a method and made available the LD reference panels to perform the operation locally, see ieugwasr::ld_matrix() and related vignettes for details.